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GStreamer (Audio library) bindings for Rust. Documentation can be found here.

These bindings are providing a safe API that can be used to interface with GStreamer, e.g. for writing GStreamer-based applications and GStreamer plugins.

The bindings are mostly autogenerated with gir based on the GObject-Introspection API metadata provided by the GStreamer project.

Table of Contents

  1. Installation
    1. Linux/BSDs
    2. macOS
    3. Windows
  2. Getting Started
  3. License
  4. Contribution

Installation

To build the GStreamer bindings or anything depending on them, you need to have at least GStreamer 1.8 and gst-plugins-base 1.8 installed. In addition, some of the examples/tutorials require various GStreamer plugins to be available, which can be found in gst-plugins-base, gst-plugins-good, gst-plugins-bad, gst-plugins-ugly and/or gst-libav.

Linux/BSDs

You need to install the above mentioned packages with your distributions package manager, or build them from source.

On Debian/Ubuntu they can be installed with

$ apt-get install libgstreamer1.0-dev libgstreamer-plugins-base1.0-dev \
      gstreamer1.0-plugins-base gstreamer1.0-plugins-good \
      gstreamer1.0-plugins-bad gstreamer1.0-plugins-ugly \
      gstreamer1.0-libav libgstrtspserver-1.0-dev libges-1.0-dev

The minimum required version of the above libraries is >= 1.8. If you build the gstreamer-player sub-crate, or any of the examples that depend on gstreamer-player, you must ensure that in addition to the above packages, libgstreamer-plugins-bad1.0-dev is installed and that the version is >= 1.12. See the Cargo.toml files for the full details,

$ # Only if you wish to install gstreamer-player, make sure the version
$ # of this package is >= 1.12.
$ apt-get install libgstreamer-plugins-bad1.0-dev

Package names on other distributions should be similar. Please submit a pull request with instructions for yours.

macOS

You can install GStreamer and the plugins via Homebrew or by installing the binaries provided by the GStreamer project.

Homebrew

Homebrew only installs various plugins if explicitly enabled, so some extra --with-* flags may be required.

$ brew install gstreamer gst-plugins-base gst-plugins-good \
      gst-plugins-bad gst-plugins-ugly gst-libav gst-rtsp-server \
      gst-editing-services --with-orc --with-libogg --with-opus \
      --with-pango --with-theora --with-libvorbis --with-libvpx \
      --enable-gtk3

If you wish to install the gstreamer-player sub-crate, make sure the version of these libraries is >= 1.12. Otherwise, a version >= 1.8 is sufficient.

GStreamer Binaries

You need to download the two .pkg files from the GStreamer website and install them, e.g. gstreamer-1.0-1.12.3-x86_64.pkg and gstreamer-1.0-devel-1.12.3-x86_64.pkg.

After installation, you also need to install pkg-config (e.g. via Homebrew) and set the PKG_CONFIG_PATH environment variable

$ export PKG_CONFIG_PATH="/Library/Frameworks/GStreamer.framework/Versions/Current/lib/pkgconfig${PKG_CONFIG_PATH:+:$PKG_CONFIG_PATH}"

Windows

You can install GStreamer and the plugins via MSYS2 with pacman or by installing the binaries provided by the GStreamer project.

MSYS2 / pacman
$ pacman -S glib2-devel pkg-config \
      mingw-w64-x86_64-gstreamer mingw-w64-x86_64-gst-plugins-base \
      mingw-w64-x86_64-gst-plugins-good mingw-w64-x86_64-gst-plugins-bad \
      mingw-w64-x86_64-gst-plugins-ugly mingw-w64-x86_64-gst-libav \
      mingw-w64-x86_64-gst-rtsp-server

If you wish to install the gstreamer-player sub-crate, make sure the version of these libraries is >= 1.12. Otherwise, a version >= 1.8 is sufficient.

Note that the version of pkg-config included in MSYS2 is known to have problems compiling GStreamer, so you may need to install another version. One option would be pkg-config-lite.

GStreamer Binaries

You need to download the two .msi files for your platform from the GStreamer website and install them, e.g. gstreamer-1.0-x86_64-1.12.3.msi and gstreamer-1.0-devel-x86_64-1.12.3.msi.

After installation, you also need to install pkg-config (e.g. via MSYS2 or from here) and set the PKG_CONFIG_PATH environment variable

$ export PKG_CONFIG_PATH="c:\\gstreamer\\1.0\\x86_64\\lib\\pkgconfig${PKG_CONFIG_PATH:+:$PKG_CONFIG_PATH}"

Getting Started

The API reference can be found here, however it is only the Rust API reference and does not explain any of the concepts.

For getting started with GStreamer development, the best would be to follow the documentation on the GStreamer website, especially the Application Development Manual. While being C-centric, it explains all the fundamental concepts of GStreamer and the code examples should be relatively easily translatable to Rust. The API is basically the same, function/struct names are the same and everything is only more convenient (hopefully) and safer.

In addition there are tutorials on the GStreamer website. Many of them were ported to Rust already and the code can be found in the tutorials directory.

Some further examples for various aspects of GStreamer and how to use it from Rust can be found in the examples directory.

Various GStreamer plugins written in Rust can be found in the gst-plugins-rs repository.

LICENSE

gstreamer-rs and all crates contained in here are licensed under either of

  • Apache License, Version 2.0, (LICENSE-APACHE or http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0)
  • MIT license (LICENSE-MIT or http://opensource.org/licenses/MIT)

at your option.

GStreamer itself is licensed under the Lesser General Public License version 2.1 or (at your option) any later version: https://www.gnu.org/licenses/lgpl-2.1.html

Contribution

Any kinds of contributions are welcome as a pull request.

Unless you explicitly state otherwise, any contribution intentionally submitted for inclusion in gstreamer-rs by you, as defined in the Apache-2.0 license, shall be dual licensed as above, without any additional terms or conditions.

Re-exports

pub use ffi;
pub use glib;
pub use gst;
pub use gst_base;
pub use audio_buffer::AudioBuffer;
pub use audio_buffer::AudioBufferRef;

Modules

Macros

Structs

Subclasses must use (a subclass of) AudioAggregatorPad for both their source and sink pads, gst_element_class_add_static_pad_template_with_gtype() is a convenient helper.

An implementation of GstPad that can be used with AudioAggregator.

The default implementation of GstPad used with AudioAggregator

This is the base class for audio sinks. Subclasses need to implement the ::create_ringbuffer vmethod. This base class will then take care of writing samples to the ringbuffer, synchronisation, clipping and flushing.

This is the base class for audio sources. Subclasses need to implement the ::create_ringbuffer vmethod. This base class will then take care of reading samples from the ringbuffer, synchronisation and flushing.

Extra buffer metadata describing how much audio has to be clipped from the start or end of a buffer. This is used for compressed formats, where the first frame usually has some additional samples due to encoder and decoder delays, and the last frame usually has some additional samples to be able to fill the complete last frame.

This base class is for audio decoders turning encoded data into raw audio samples.

This base class is for audio encoders turning raw audio samples into encoded audio data.

Extra audio flags

The different audio flags that a format info can have.

Information for an audio format.

Information describing audio properties. This information can be filled in from GstCaps with from_caps().

Meta containing Audio Level Indication: https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc6464

GstAudioDownmixMeta defines an audio downmix matrix to be send along with audio buffers. These functions in this module help to create and attach the meta as well as extracting it.

The different flags that can be used when packing and unpacking.

The structure containing the format specification of the ringbuffer.

This is the most simple base class for audio sinks that only requires subclasses to implement a set of simple functions:

This is the most simple base class for audio sources that only requires subclasses to implement a set of simple functions:

AudioStreamAlign provides a helper object that helps tracking audio stream alignment and discontinuities, and detects discontinuities if possible.

This interface is implemented by elements that provide a stream volume. Examples for such elements are volume and playbin.

Enums

Audio channel positions.

Set of available dithering methods.

Enum value describing the most common audio formats.

Layout of the audio samples for the different channels.

Set of available noise shaping methods

Different subsampling and upsampling methods

The format of the samples in the ringbuffer.

Different representations of a stream volume. StreamVolume::convert_volume() allows to convert between the different representations.

Constants

Statics

List of all audio formats, for use in template caps strings.

Traits

Functions