#[repr(transparent)]
pub struct BaseParse { /* private fields */ }
Expand description

This base class is for parser elements that process data and splits it into separate audio/video/whatever frames.

It provides for:

  • provides one sink pad and one source pad
  • handles state changes
  • can operate in pull mode or push mode
  • handles seeking in both modes
  • handles events (SEGMENT/EOS/FLUSH)
  • handles queries (POSITION/DURATION/SEEKING/FORMAT/CONVERT)
  • handles flushing

The purpose of this base class is to provide the basic functionality of a parser and share a lot of rather complex code.

Description of the parsing mechanism:

Set-up phase

  • BaseParse calls GstBaseParseClass::start to inform subclass that data processing is about to start now.

  • BaseParse class calls GstBaseParseClass::set_sink_caps to inform the subclass about incoming sinkpad caps. Subclass could already set the srcpad caps accordingly, but this might be delayed until calling BaseParseExtManual::finish_frame() with a non-queued frame.

  • At least at this point subclass needs to tell the BaseParse class how big data chunks it wants to receive (minimum frame size ). It can do this with BaseParseExt::set_min_frame_size().

  • BaseParse class sets up appropriate data passing mode (pull/push) and starts to process the data.

Parsing phase

  • BaseParse gathers at least min_frame_size bytes of data either by pulling it from upstream or collecting buffers in an internal Adapter.

  • A buffer of (at least) min_frame_size bytes is passed to subclass with GstBaseParseClass::handle_frame. Subclass checks the contents and can optionally return gst::FlowReturn::Ok along with an amount of data to be skipped to find a valid frame (which will result in a subsequent DISCONT). If, otherwise, the buffer does not hold a complete frame, GstBaseParseClass::handle_frame can merely return and will be called again when additional data is available. In push mode this amounts to an additional input buffer (thus minimal additional latency), in pull mode this amounts to some arbitrary reasonable buffer size increase.

Of course, BaseParseExt::set_min_frame_size() could also be used if a very specific known amount of additional data is required. If, however, the buffer holds a complete valid frame, it can pass the size of this frame to BaseParseExtManual::finish_frame().

If acting as a converter, it can also merely indicate consumed input data while simultaneously providing custom output data. Note that baseclass performs some processing (such as tracking overall consumed data rate versus duration) for each finished frame, but other state is only updated upon each call to GstBaseParseClass::handle_frame (such as tracking upstream input timestamp).

Subclass is also responsible for setting the buffer metadata (e.g. buffer timestamp and duration, or keyframe if applicable). (although the latter can also be done by BaseParse if it is appropriately configured, see below). Frame is provided with timestamp derived from upstream (as much as generally possible), duration obtained from configuration (see below), and offset if meaningful (in pull mode).

Note that GstBaseParseClass::handle_frame might receive any small amount of input data when leftover data is being drained (e.g. at EOS).

  • As part of finish frame processing, just prior to actually pushing the buffer in question, it is passed to GstBaseParseClass::pre_push_frame which gives subclass yet one last chance to examine buffer metadata, or to send some custom (tag) events, or to perform custom (segment) filtering.

  • During the parsing process GstBaseParseClass will handle both srcpad and sinkpad events. They will be passed to subclass if GstBaseParseClass::sink_event or GstBaseParseClass::src_event implementations have been provided.

Shutdown phase

  • BaseParse class calls GstBaseParseClass::stop to inform the subclass that data parsing will be stopped.

Subclass is responsible for providing pad template caps for source and sink pads. The pads need to be named “sink” and “src”. It also needs to set the fixed caps on srcpad, when the format is ensured (e.g. when base class calls subclass’ GstBaseParseClass::set_sink_caps function).

This base class uses gst::Format::Default as a meaning of frames. So, subclass conversion routine needs to know that conversion from gst::Format::Time to gst::Format::Default must return the frame number that can be found from the given byte position.

BaseParse uses subclasses conversion methods also for seeking (or otherwise uses its own default one, see also below).

Subclass start and stop functions will be called to inform the beginning and end of data processing.

Things that subclass need to take care of:

  • Provide pad templates

  • Fixate the source pad caps when appropriate

  • Inform base class how big data chunks should be retrieved. This is done with BaseParseExt::set_min_frame_size() function.

  • Examine data chunks passed to subclass with GstBaseParseClass::handle_frame and pass proper frame(s) to BaseParseExtManual::finish_frame(), and setting src pad caps and timestamps on frame.

  • Provide conversion functions

  • Update the duration information with BaseParseExtManual::set_duration()

  • Optionally passthrough using BaseParseExt::set_passthrough()

  • Configure various baseparse parameters using BaseParseExt::set_average_bitrate(), BaseParseExt::set_syncable() and BaseParseExtManual::set_frame_rate().

  • In particular, if subclass is unable to determine a duration, but parsing (or specs) yields a frames per seconds rate, then this can be provided to BaseParse to enable it to cater for buffer time metadata (which will be taken from upstream as much as possible). Internally keeping track of frame durations and respective sizes that have been pushed provides BaseParse with an estimated bitrate. A default GstBaseParseClass::convert (used if not overridden) will then use these rates to perform obvious conversions. These rates are also used to update (estimated) duration at regular frame intervals.

This is an Abstract Base Class, you cannot instantiate it.

Implements

BaseParseExt, gst::prelude::ElementExt, gst::prelude::ObjectExt, trait@glib::ObjectExt, BaseParseExtManual

Implementations

Trait Implementations

Returns a copy of the value. Read more

Performs copy-assignment from source. Read more

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more

Feeds this value into the given Hasher. Read more

Feeds a slice of this type into the given Hasher. Read more

Override the virtual methods of this class for the given subclass and do other class initialization. Read more

Instance specific initialization. Read more

This method returns an Ordering between self and other. Read more

Compares and returns the maximum of two values. Read more

Compares and returns the minimum of two values. Read more

Restrict a value to a certain interval. Read more

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==. Read more

This method tests for !=.

This method returns an ordering between self and other values if one exists. Read more

This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more

This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more

This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more

This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more

Returns the type identifier of Self.

Auto Trait Implementations

Blanket Implementations

Gets the TypeId of self. Read more

Immutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

Mutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

Upcasts an object to a superclass or interface T. Read more

Upcasts an object to a reference of its superclass or interface T. Read more

Tries to downcast to a subclass or interface implementor T. Read more

Tries to downcast to a reference of its subclass or interface implementor T. Read more

Tries to cast to an object of type T. This handles upcasting, downcasting and casting between interface and interface implementors. All checks are performed at runtime, while downcast and upcast will do many checks at compile-time already. Read more

Tries to cast to reference to an object of type T. This handles upcasting, downcasting and casting between interface and interface implementors. All checks are performed at runtime, while downcast and upcast will do many checks at compile-time already. Read more

Casts to T unconditionally. Read more

Casts to &T unconditionally. Read more

Abort the state change of the element. This function is used by elements that do asynchronous state changes and find out something is wrong. Read more

Adds a pad (link point) to self. pad’s parent will be set to self; see GstObjectExt::set_parent() for refcounting information. Read more

Perform transition on self. Read more

Commit the state change of the element and proceed to the next pending state if any. This function is used by elements that do asynchronous state changes. The core will normally call this method automatically when an element returned StateChangeReturn::Success from the state change function. Read more

This is supported on crate feature v1_14 only.
This is supported on crate feature v1_14 only.
This is supported on crate feature v1_14 only.

Performs a query on the given element. Read more

Sends an event to an element. If the element doesn’t implement an event handler, the event will be pushed on a random linked sink pad for downstream events or a random linked source pad for upstream events. Read more

This is supported on crate feature v1_10 only.
This is supported on crate feature v1_10 only.
This is supported on crate feature v1_10 only.
This is supported on crate feature v1_10 only.
This is supported on crate feature v1_10 only.
This is supported on crate feature v1_10 only.

Performs the conversion.

Attach the ControlBinding to the object. If there already was a ControlBinding for this property it will be replaced. Read more

A default error function that uses g_printerr() to display the error message and the optional debug string.. Read more

Gets the corresponding ControlBinding for the property. This should be unreferenced again after use. Read more

Obtain the control-rate for this self. Audio processing Element objects will use this rate to sub-divide their processing loop and call sync_values() in between. The length of the processing segment should be up to control-rate nanoseconds. Read more

Returns a copy of the name of self. Caller should g_free() the return value after usage. For a nameless object, this returns None, which you can safely g_free() as well. Read more

Returns the parent of self. This function increases the refcount of the parent object so you should gst_object_unref() it after usage. Read more

Generates a string describing the path of self in the object hierarchy. Only useful (or used) for debugging. Read more

Gets the value for the given controlled property at the requested time. Read more

Performs the conversion.

Returns true if the object is an instance of (can be cast to) T.

Returns the type of the object.

Returns the ObjectClass of the object. Read more

Returns the class of the object.

Returns the class of the object in the given type T. Read more

Returns the interface T of the object. Read more

Similar to Self::set_property but fails instead of panicking.

Sets the property property_name of the object to value value. Read more

Similar to Self::set_property but fails instead of panicking.

Sets the property property_name of the object to value value. Read more

Similar to Self::set_properties but fails instead of panicking.

Sets multiple properties of the object at once. Read more

Similar to Self::set_properties_from_value but fails instead of panicking.

Sets multiple properties of the object at once. Read more

Similar to Self::property but fails instead of panicking.

Gets the property property_name of the object and cast it to the type V. Read more

Similar to Self::property_value but fails instead of panicking.

Gets the property property_name of the object. Read more

Check if the object has a property property_name of the given type_. Read more

Get the type of the property property_name of this object. Read more

Get the ParamSpec of the property property_name of this object.

Return all ParamSpec of the properties of this object.

Freeze all property notifications until the return guard object is dropped. Read more

Set arbitrary data on this object with the given key. Read more

Return previously set arbitrary data of this object with the given key. Read more

Retrieve previously set arbitrary data of this object with the given key. Read more

Set arbitrary data on this object with the given key. Read more

Return previously set arbitrary data of this object with the given key. Read more

Retrieve previously set arbitrary data of this object with the given key. Read more

Block a given signal handler. Read more

Unblock a given signal handler.

Stop emission of the currently emitted signal.

Stop emission of the currently emitted signal by the (possibly detailed) signal name.

Similar to Self::connect but fails instead of panicking.

Connect to the signal signal_name on this object. Read more

Similar to Self::connect_id but fails instead of panicking.

Connect to the signal signal_id on this object. Read more

Similar to Self::connect_local but fails instead of panicking.

Connect to the signal signal_name on this object. Read more

Similar to Self::connect_local_id but fails instead of panicking.

Connect to the signal signal_id on this object. Read more

Similar to Self::connect_unsafe but fails instead of panicking.

Connect to the signal signal_name on this object. Read more

Similar to Self::connect_unsafe_id but fails instead of panicking.

Similar to Self::connect_closure but fails instead of panicking.

Connect a closure to the signal signal_name on this object. Read more

Similar to Self::connect_closure_id but fails instead of panicking.

Connect a closure to the signal signal_id on this object. Read more

Limits the lifetime of closure to the lifetime of the object. When the object’s reference count drops to zero, the closure will be invalidated. An invalidated closure will ignore any calls to Closure::invoke. Read more

Connect to the signal signal_id on this object. Read more

Similar to Self::emit but fails instead of panicking.

Emit signal by signal id. Read more

Similar to Self::emit_with_values but fails instead of panicking.

Same as Self::emit but takes Value for the arguments.

Similar to Self::emit_by_name but fails instead of panicking.

Emit signal by its name. Read more

Similar to Self::emit_by_name_with_values but fails instead of panicking.

Emit signal by its name. Read more

Similar to Self::emit_by_name_with_details but fails instead of panicking.

Emit signal by its name with details. Read more

Similar to Self::emit_by_name_with_details_and_values but fails instead of panicking.

Emit signal by its name with details. Read more

Similar to Self::emit_with_details but fails instead of panicking.

Emit signal by signal id with details. Read more

Similar to Self::emit_with_details_and_values but fails instead of panicking.

Emit signal by signal id with details. Read more

Disconnect a previously connected signal handler.

Connect to the notify signal of the object. Read more

Connect to the notify signal of the object. Read more

Connect to the notify signal of the object. Read more

Notify that the given property has changed its value. Read more

Notify that the given property has changed its value. Read more

Downgrade this object to a weak reference.

Bind property source_property on this object to the target_property on the target object. Read more

Returns the strong reference count of this object.

Ensures that the type has been registered with the type system.

The resulting type after obtaining ownership.

Creates owned data from borrowed data, usually by cloning. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (toowned_clone_into)

Uses borrowed data to replace owned data, usually by cloning. Read more

Returns a SendValue clone of self.

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

Performs the conversion.

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

Performs the conversion.